Mil Mi-8 - NATO code: HIP
This is medium multipurpose two-engine helicopter of classic design of Russian make with a five-bladed main rotor and a three-bladed anti-torque tail rotor. Its NATO code marking is "HIP", and it is one of the most extensively used helicopters all over the world. Together with the Mi-17 helicopter type, it is flown in 49 countries until the present day.
The basic version of the Mi-8 is designed predominantly to transport of personnel, and it features excellent navigation and information systems that enable safe day-and-night flights even under the very adverse weather conditions.
The Mi-8S version has a specially remodelled inside compartment for transport of VIPs. The Mi-8PPA is a special version for the conduct of radio-electronic warfare.
The helicopter was developed at the beginning of the 1950s as a successor to the Mi-4. The helicopter made its first flight on 9 June 1961; a prototype of the final two-engine version (of NATO code "HIP-B") flew for the first time on 17 September 1962.
Production of the series commenced in 1965. The helicopter fuselage is of a classic design made of light alloy. The cockpit has three seats. The cargo compartment is 5.34 metres long, 2.32 m wide, and 1.8 m high. There is a large sliding door at the left front part of the fuselage, and at the rear there is a two-wing loading door. The helicopter has a three-wheel non-retractable landing gear with a double-tyred front leg. There are mountings at each side of the fuselage for additional fuel tanks for a total capacity of 1,830 litres of fuel. The helicopter is driven by two turbo-shaft TV2-117A engines with an output of 1,120 kW each and, for a short time up to 1,250 kW each. The basic serially produced multipurpose transport version can accommodate up to 24 personnel, or 4,000 kg of cargo, or 12 stretchered patients. The cargo compartment is equipped with a winch having a capacity up to 150 kg. Under the fuselage, these is a mounting for the transport of cargo up to the weight of 3,000 kg.
Basic Tactical-technical Data
- High-speed cruise:23 km per hour
- Typical cruise speed: 200 km per hour
- Operation range: 560 km
- Flight ceiling: 4500 metres
- Climbing close to surface: 4.9 metres per second
- Payload: 800 kg
- Weight of empty helicopter: 2,380 kg
- Maximum take-off weight: 12000 kg
- Lenght with rotating rotors: 17.4 metres
- Lenght of the fuselage: 25,2 metres
- Height:5,6 metres
- Diameter of the main rotor: 21,3 metres
- Diameter of the tail rotor:3,9 metres