14th ACR Contingent in KFOR
NATO Operation "Joint Enterprise" in Kosovo
The NATO-led Multinational Forces "Kosovo Force" (KFOR) began their operation under original name of the "Joint Guardian" on the territory of Kosovo on 12 June 1999 in implementation of United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution No. 1244 that was passed on 10 June, 1999. International civil and security presence was deployed in Kosovo under UN auspices.
The Armed Forces of the Czech Republic (ACR) have participated in this operation since 1999, originally with a reconnaissance company followed by a mechanised unit. Since accomplishment of the Czech mechanised unit's participation in NATO-led operation on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the contingent in Kosovo have become the principal ACR foreign mission in the Balkans.
Since 2002 till July 2005, the ACR formed together with Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic a joint Czech-Slovak KFOR battalion that contributed to the Multinational Brigade CENTRE. In average, there were 500 Czech soldiers and 100 Slovak soldiers serving at the joint unit during that time. The cooperation of both militaries at present goes on at the national level within KFOR. Prior to deployment to Kosovo, both national contingents met at the ceremony at the Czech-Slovak border crossing of Bumbálka on 8 July 2005.
The ACR presence abroad in 2008 is based on a decision of the Czech government, which passed resolution No. 1179 on 22 October 2007 approving Czech military deployments. For 2009, the Czech Government approved the presence of Czech soldiers abroad till the beginning of March 2009. Later, both chambers of the Czech Parliament passed prolongation of Czech presence in the mission for the whole 2009.
14th ACR Contingent in KFOR
The personnel of the Contingent in size of less than 500 assumed the area of responsibility in Kosovo in January 2009. The core of the Contingent is formed by soldiers of the 151st Engineer Battalion, which has its homebase at Bechyně, Czech Republic, and soldiers of the 153rd Engineer Battalion, which has its homebase at Olomouc, Czech Republic. The Contingent includes also personnel from other units and installations of the Czech military in order to meet required specialisation. It contains the record number of 43 female service members; newcomes on the mission form less than 40 % of the Contingent size. The personnel of the 14th Contingent served on the peacekeeping operation in Kosovo for six months that is till July 2009, and on 18 July 2009 the commander handed over the duties to the commander of the 15th Contingent of ACR in KFOR - Lieutenant Colonel Jiří Kývala.
Number of Czech Military Personnel on the Operation:
- up to 500
- Lieutenant Colonel Róbert Bielený
The units of the Multinational Task Force CENTRE (MNTF-C) are formed by soldiers of the Czech Republic, Finland, Ireland, Latvia, Slovakia, and Sweden.
- The Lead Nation of the MNTF-C is Finland as of the 1st August 2008, and commander is Finnish Brigadier General Kyösti Halonen.
Current placement of all KFOR units:
Position of the Multinational Task Force CENTRE (MNTF-C) in Kosovo:
July 18, 2009