French General Pellé, born 150 years ago, founded General Staff in Prague

Autor: Oldrich Holecek

The Czech General Staff remembers its founder, French Division General Maurice César Joseph Pellé, who headed French Military Mission to Prague and was the first Chief of the Supreme Staff of the Czechoslovak Defence Force in 1919 - 1920.

The French Division General Maurice César Joseph Pellé played a key role in forming Czechoslovak military structure after 1918.

Following inter-governmental treaties of the Allies after the WW I, the French Military Mission to Czechoslovakia arrived in Prague on 13 February 1919 with three tasks: form an effective organisation of the Czechoslovak Ministry of National Defence, set up the General Staff and create the military education system in this country.

General Pellé himself was appointed the Chief of the General Staff, at that time titled the Supreme Staff of the Czechoslovak Defence Force. First Czechoslovak president Tomas Garrigue Masaryk appointed him the commander of all defence force of the Czechoslovak Republic at the beginning of June 1919.

At the same time, when General Pellé commanded defence of Slovakia against Hungarians, he had been forming the General Staff as of July 1019.

In forming military educational system, he also helped create the Military Academy at he Moravian city of Hranice.

The great French general was born on 18 April 1863 in Douai, and died on 16 March 1924 in Toulon, France.


Posted: April 22, 2013